A supervolcano eruption estimated to be 5,000 times bigger than Mount St. Helens that lasted up to a decade, didn’t wipe out human civilizations as thought before. New research indicates that even if the Toba Volcano had brought a lot of damage, it also helped in a way people back then. The ancient humans became more ingenious and adaptable in times of such climate catastrophes, according to the recent finding.
Previously, researchers stated that the volcanic event killed early human populations, almost driving their extinction. But as the new theory suggests, the few ancient people that survived Africa during the catastrophe developed intriguing yet innovative symbolic, social, and economic strategies that allow them to re-expand to the Asian territory 14,000 years later.
How Did Ancient Humans Survive Such a Supervolcano Eruption?
A team of archaeologists from the Dhaba site in India succeeded to date 13 sediment samples crossing an 80,000 year-long stratigraphic report from India’s Middle Son Valley. They also discovered an abundant collection of artifacts, a lot of stone tools and other items, estimated to be over 55,000 years-old near the volcanic eruption.
The instruments resemble the ones from the African Middle Stone Age or some form Australi. Such a fact indicates a definite proof that the Middle Paleolithic tool-using civilizations were also on the Indian territory before and after the volcanic eruption. The ancient people fill a “major chronological gap” in human records, according to the new study.
Prof. Chris Clarkson from the Unversity of Queensland detailed: “The fact that these toolkits did not disappear at the time of the Toba super-eruption or change dramatically soon after that indicates that human populations survived the so-called catastrophe and continued to create tools to modify their environments.” The study shed more light on other similar events that could turn to be different after additional examinations and discoveries.