In recent years the temperature of the Arctic Ocean has continued to increase, becoming more similar to the one of the Atlantic Ocean. The change has attracted a significant number of species from the Atlantic Ocean, and a new study has discovered a phenomenon that has reinforced what appears to be a so-called Atlantification process.
A team of researchers has focused on the Emiliania huxleyi, a species of marine microalgae that tend to be encountered in temperate waters and lower latitudes. The algae sport an exciting feature in the form of a calcareous shell that can reflect light in a manner that is easy to track.
Areas, where the algae are present or travel through, will change the color of the water into turquoise at the surface level. This change can be traced with the help of satellites, allowing researchers to observe how the algae move across the ocean.
Powerful Atlantic currents direct temperate species to the Arctic Ocean
The researchers observed that the increased power of the Atlantic Ocean currents had guided Emiliania huxleyi and other temperate species towards the Antarctic Ocean, where they seem to encounter an environment that is present enough to foster their development and spread.
Due to lockdowns across all over the world, pollution levels have decreased in many cities, with the effect being especially noticeable in areas affected by smog. Many people were surprised by the visual changes as the night sky has been more visible in select areas.
While a few changes have been implemented to reduce pollution, more actions need to be taken at a global level to mitigate the potential consequences of climate change before it is too late. A massive reduction of the number of greenhouse gases is one of the primary steps that should be taken along with a reinvigorated push of renewable energy that is cleaner and safer to use in comparison to regular sources.
More details about the Antlatificiation can be found in the study, which was published in a scientific journal.