Chandrayaan-2 Celebrates One Year Into the Lunar Orbit: What’s Next


Chandrayaan-2 has started its mission and reached the lunar orbit exactly one year ago. 

India’s second lunar mission, dubbed Chandrayaan-2, celebrates now one year around Moon, and all its instruments are currently performing fantastic. There is even enough fuel onboard to keep it running for about 7 more years. 

Chandrayaan-2 proved to be a successful mission, and its time in space is not over yet. Here is what you need to know.

Chandrayaan-2 is a Real Success: What to Expect

Chandrayaan-2 began its mission on July 22, 2019, and it reached the lunar orbit on August 20. The orbiter realized more than 4,400 orbits around the Moon, and all its devices and instruments are doing well, according to the ISRO (the Indian Space Research Organization). “The orbiter is being maintained in 100 +/- 25jm polar orbit with periodic orbit maintenance (OM) maneuvers,” detailed the ISRO.

Chandrayaan-2’s mission was India’s first effort to realize a soft landing of a rover on the unchartered South Pole of the Moon’s surface. The lander Vikram, however, succeeded in hard-landing back in 2019.

The scientific data, including a high-resolution camera for mapping the lunar surface and examine the exosphere (outer atmosphere) of the Moon. The ISRO said that raw information from the payloads had been downloaded at the ISSDC (the Indian Space Science Data Center) during the year. 

Chandrayaan-2 was sent to further expand the knowledge about the lunar surface via a detailed research of the topography, surface chemical composition, mineralogy, atmosphere, and thermo-physical characteristics, leading to a better understanding of the evolution and origin of the Moon.

India’s first mission to the Moon Chandrayaan-1 in 2008 had offered a lot of evidence on the extensive presence of subsurface polar water-ice deposits and surface water. We’ll get more information about Chandrayaan-2’s incredible mission in the coming weeks, as the ISRO will release more statements. 

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