The newly discovered bacteria might indicate how chlamydia can infect host organisms, such us. Deep underneath the Arctic Ocean, sea ground lurks lots of recently discovered species of chlamydia bacteria. The species, relatives to the one that causes STI (sexually transmitted infection), appears to be quite intriguing yet complicated. They can survive even if they don’t have oxygen and organisms to prey upon, according to a recent study.
Chlamydia is one of the most commonly reported STI in the US. Records estimate approximately 2.86 million infections/year, according to CDCP (the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). The bacteria that trigger the illness, Chlamydia trachomatis, is part of a group of associated microbes collectively recognized as Chlamydiae. Many of those microbes always depend on finding a host organism to survive.
Chlamydia-related Bacteria Underneath the Arctic Ocean Seafloor
Scientists, however, discovered recently entirely unexpected. They found a slew of Chlamydiae bacteria almost 3 kilometers underneath the ground of the Arctic Ocean. The microbes expanded several meters below the sea ground sediment. Although reduced to extreme pressure and primarily deprived of oxygen, Chlamydiae develop a lot and even appear to control particular areas of the seafloor. The research could aid unveil how Chlamydiae bacteria first emerged and grew to become infectious.
“Even is these Chlamydiae are not associated with a host organism, we expect that they require compounds from other microbes living in the marine sediment,” stated Thijs Etterma, from the Wageningen University in the Netherlands.
The researchers intend to develop such microbes in the lab. Studying them in a lab environment could unveil how the ancient class of bacteria reached animals, fungi, plants, and microorganisms and infected them. Ettema added: “This group of bacteria could be playing a much larger role in marine ecology than we previously thought.”