We have all heard of Einstein’s theory of special relativity. Well, the search looks for a specific mysterious matter, which Einstein predicted. After more than ten years of continuous looking, researchers at the biggest particle collider think they almost found it. But they are not looking for the exploded guts of particles, which collided at the speed of light.
Scientists at the Large Hadron Collider, which is a 27-kilometer ring that’s buried near the border between Switzerland and France, are currently trying to find the matter that’s missing, which is called a color glass condensate. They do it by studying the process that takes places when particles don’t actually collide, but zoom past each other, doing near misses.
When it comes to the Standard Model of physics, the rule that talks about the subatomic particles show that 98% of the visible matter from the universe is kept together by some fundamental particles, which are called gluons. These particles are responsible for the force that holds together the quarks that form neutrons and protons. When these protons are accelerated to the speed of light, something weird happens: the concentration of gluons is found inside skyrockets.
In this case, gluons split into pair that have gluons with lower energy, and these gluons split again, and then again, and then again. This comes from an associate professor of physics from the University of Kansas – Daniel Tapia Takaki. At some point, the splitting process of gluons from inside the protons gets to a limit, and the multiplication of gluons stops increasing. This process is known as the color glass condensate, which is a phase of the matter which is believed to exist in protons full of high energy and in heavy nuclei.
According to some sources, the process of condense can actually explain most of the unsolved mysteries out there.