Recently, scientists revealed that they made advancement in figuring out why the universe consists of something rather than nothing.
Part of the reason why that subject is so controversial is the existence of nature’s most spectacular elements – neutrinos.
Neutrinos are subatomic particles that originate from the Big Bang, the sun, exploding stars, and other “big” events from outer space.
Neutrinos are capable of slipping through walls and enter our bodies in high numbers every second, just like light does.
Some scientists believe that neutrinos played a vital role after the first moments of the universe – They stabilized the unbalance between matter and antimatter.
The universe began its existence with equal amounts of antimatter and matter. However, as time passed, it ended up having an excess of matter.
An international team consisting of 500 physicists from 12 countries, referred to as the T2K Collaboration, revealed that they managed to measure a specific difference between neutrinos and antineutrinos. Though the data isn’t substantial evidence yet, many experts believe that the researchers are on the right track.
Federico Sánchez, a physicist at the University of Geneva and spokesman of the T2K, reported: “This is the first time we got an indication of the CP violation in neutrinos, never done before.”
He believes that the newly discovered unbalance between neutrinos and antineutrinos is “a real landmark.”
However, he said that it’s not yet time to celebrate. He explained that such a discrepancy ins one of the many conditions stated by Andrei Sakharov, the Russian physicist, decades ago, who spoke about the problem about the birth of matter and how it can survive.
One of the main assumptions formed after the findings were revealed was that neutrinos are central to our existence. However, more data is needed to back up that hypothesis fully.