Next summer, a rocket that will carry NASA’s next project will be launched in front of a crown at Kennedy Space Center, in order to find life on Mars. Then, seven months later, the Mars 2020 rover will get neat Jezero Crater, which is a dried lake from the northern hemisphere of Mars. With its tools and equipment, the machine will look for evidence of alien microbes that once lived on Mars.
Decades of research, of landers, orbiting probes and rovers suggest that the planet was once the home of a thick atmosphere and water. Scientists also found traces of complex organic molecules, which are building blocks for the living cells.
Two new studies come with an interesting suggestion: Mars 2020 is able to find powerful evidence of Martial life if there ever was one. The rocks around the Jezero lake show carbonate and hydrated silica, which are molecules that are known to help to preserve microscopic fossils in billions of years.
Briony Horgan, from Purdue University, and the lead author do of the study stated that it’s like there’s a big road sign that says, “look here, look here!”. The Jezero Crater is full of minerals, and there are many paths forward searching for biosignatures, which means that we can understand a lot about the history of life on Mars.
But the machine has to find something amazing for scientists to be sure that Martians existed.
The study published this week shown the CRISM – Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer, which is an orbiting camera that’s able to scan the surface of Mars in visible light and infrared. From about 250 miles high, the machine can create colorful maps of minerals from the Red Planet.