Recently, a team of scientists discovered an immense planet from a solar system 30-light years away from Earth. The planet has Jupiter-like dimensions, and it orbits a star called red dwarf. For scientists, this was an odd occurrence, because the stars are much bigger than the most massive planets which orbit them. In their discovery, it just happened that that red dwarf and the planet to be almost the same in dimensions.
The red dwarf received the GJ 3512 as a name, representing almost 12% of the mass of our sun, and 35% bigger than Jupiter. The planet, however, reaches a size of approximately half of Jupiter. This kind of star also has low temperatures, according to Juan Carlos Morales, an astrophysicist from the Institute of Space Studies of Catalonia. He explained that “They emit less energy, so they are fainter than the sun, and their surface temperature is rather cool, below 3800 (degrees) Kelvin (6,380 degrees Fahrenheit/ 3,527 Celsius) approximately. This is why they have a reddish color.”
There are even a few proofs that a second planet orbits the star.
Morales further, expressed his feelings, considering this discovery a real strange situation and a surprise.
He stated, “The discovery was surprising because theoretical formation models suggest that low-mass stars typically host small planets, similar to Earth or small Neptunes. In this case, we have found a gas giant planet similar to Jupiter around a very small star.”
The planet composition comprises Jupiter’s structure, being mainly gas. At the Calar Alto Observatory from Spain, the planet was noticed with the help of a telescope. The action of the identified object is made in 204 days, traveling continuously around its star.
It is known that planets are made from the same disk of interstellar gas and dust that creates the star around which they orbit.