Experts have been analyzing for a really long time how we could be able to live in other atmospheres. On the Red Planet, it seems that we have a potential answer to this interesting question.
Large underground tunnels could be the answer
According to the latest reports coming from Popular Mechanics, the answer could be a network of large underground tunnels from “millennia of high-intensity volcanism”.
These lava tubes that are mentioned by the online publication, remain after the lava that is flowing burns through the ground on the Red Planet.
Here on Earth, they would be smaller or even crushed by the gravity. The same website mentioned above wonders how you will be able to tell if the lava tubes of Mars can protect astronauts.
This is reportedly really complicated, and here’s where the astrophysicist and combat veteran Antonio Paris comes into the picture.
He led this research from the beginning until the publication and the followup as well. His paper on the lava tubes recently popped up in the Journal of The Washington Academy of Sciences.
Here’s one of his tweets:
— Antonio Paris (@AntonioParis) April 29, 2020
Paris and the team that he’s working with went through more interdisciplinary phases in finding the lava tubes and assessing them for habitability.
Living in a zone of survivability
He chose the Hellas Planitia on Mars – the specific location with less cosmic and solar radiation compared to the rest of the planet’s surface.
He said that sheltering astronauts in the deep lava tubes could reduce their exposure more and they would be able to live in a zone of survivability.
“To complement this investigation, moreover, 30 in-situ radiation monitoring experiments have been conducted at analog lava tubes located at Mojave, CA, El Malpais, NM, and Flagstaff, AZ,” Paris explained.
We recommend that you check out the paper in order to learn more details.