It’s been just revealed that water might be escaping the Red Planet even faster than it has been previously believed. This could explain the way in which Mars lost its seas, lakes, and rivers, according to new data from a study.
The Red Planet is cold and dry, but the winding river valleys and dry lake beds are suggesting the fact that water covered a lot of the planet’s surface billions of years ago.
Water on Mars is mostly frozen
What remains of the water on Mars is mostly locked frozen in the planet’s polar ice caps, which possess less than 10% than the water than had flowed there once.
Space.com also revealed the fact that previous research has also indicated that Martian water mostly escaped into space.
It also seems that ultraviolet radiation from the sun is breaking apart water in Mars’ upper atmosphere in order to form hydrogen and oxygen and much of this hydrogen then will float into space.
New data is suggesting that there are large amounts of water that might regularly make rapid intrusions into the planet’s upper atmosphere.
In order to shed some light on these events, scientists analyzed data from the Mars-circling Trace Gas Orbiter, which is a part of the European-Russian ExoMars program.
The experts focused on the way in which water was distributed up and down the martian atmosphere by altitude back in 2019 and 2018 as well.
Large amounts of water could reach the upper atmosphere
Space also writes that the study co-lead author Franck Montmessin, who is also a planetary scientist at the University of Paris-Saclay in France, told the website that there are massive levels of saturation which are observed nowhere on any other body of the solar system.
The website also noted that the scientists were surprised that such large amounts of water vapor could reach the upper atmosphere.
Experts expected “it should have been limited by the cold temperature up above and be bound to condense into clouds,” Montmessin said.
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