NASA’s new plans involve a mission to bring dirt from the Red Planet. Scientists want to find out if life is truly different from the rest of the universe. The mission has been dubbed the Mars Sample Return project.
In the next 12 years, NASA and the ESA will join their forces and send a rover to Mars. The device will gather a diversity of soil samples. Another rover will then collect and put the samples in a rocket to launch them from Mars. The rocket delivering the samples will encounter with an orbiting spaceship that will return to Earth.
As NASA’s associate administrator for science, Thomas Zurbuchen said: “A single sample…will change how we think about everything.” And such a thing could be more than that if NASA’s plans go well. The Mars Sample Return (MSR) will be the first to send humans on a trip to Mars.
The Mars Sample Return Project’s Insights
First, we need the samples, and the process is not that easy. For example, to reach the lowest of low-energy orbits, you should have a way to speed up more than 17,000 mph, which needs rocket engines that turn fuel into kinetic energy at unwholesome rates. And those burn rates must be led accurately. If you set your rocket fuel’s chemical energy into a kinetic type too fast, you pass the substance borders of the engines.
The results could bring a RUDE (Rapid Unplanned Disassembly Event), also identified as a catastrophic outburst. Also, if you perform a conversion of the fuel too slow, you will receive a surprisingly fast come back to Earth, ending as a critical influence braking and a quick RUDE.
And that’s just reaching the orbit stuff, arriving on the Red Planet’s ground is another story. Because of the immense distance is only one of the issues that hinder a journey to Mars, the chances of actually sending something there to work or develop a task are hard to imagine.
Ethelene is the main editor on DualDove, she likes to write on the latest science news.