NASA has released a new report in which it detailed the ways in which it will be able to set up a sustained human presence on Earth‘s natural satellite, the Moon. The space agency has also explained how the upcoming lunar program would help pave the way to the first crewed expedition to Mars.
The most recent report published by NASA details the initial phases of the space agency’s new spaceflight mission, known as Artemis. It mostly explains the program’s first significant mission, which is a manned expedition to the Moon.
Establishing Human Presence on the Moon
As per NASA, the project aims to establish a sustained presence on the natural satellite through its Moon 2024 project. As detailed in the report, the space agency intends to accomplish this by completing specific factors during its mission.
One of these elements focuses on the use of a lunar terrain vehicle that can move crew members and cargo from the lunar landing site. The space agency is also planning to establish a habitable mobility platform, a movable facility where astronauts can live in as they travel across the Moon.
Besides the mobile platform, NASA also intends to establish an artificial surface habitat that could make it possible for four people to live for two days on the Moon. The space agency also wants to create next-generation robotic machinery that could be employed in assisting crew members on the lunar surface. These robots will be used on a large range of tasks such as transporting cargo and performing experiments on the Moon.
Traveling to Mars From the Moon
The technologies NASA intends to develop for a sustained presence on the Moon will help make way for human missions to Mars. Besides the facilities that will be employed on the lunar surface, the space agency and its collaborators will also build a new space station known as Gateway, which will be used as a middle spot to Mars and other deep-space places.
“The Artemis program will use the Moon as a testbed for crewed exploration farther into the solar system, beginning with Mars,” NASA explained in a statement. “This is America’s Moon to Mars space exploration approach. A proposed multi-month split-crew operation at the Gateway and on the lunar surface would test the agency’s concept for a human mission to the Red Planet.”