A team of researchers made an exciting discovery with the help of the Chandra X-Ray Observatory and the Hubble Space Telescope. The team spotted a supermassive black hole located at a distance of 5.8 billion years from Earth, and it seems that it generates stars at an incredible rate.
A galaxy cluster will contain several galaxies that are kept together by the gravitational forces exerted by a supermassive black hole. In the case of regular galaxy clusters, black holes found in the center are so powerful that they can mitigate the creation of stars, but the new phoenix cluster carries some exciting traits.
The new cluster sports a black hole that is considerably weaker in comparison to others, and this feature allows it to contribute to the formation of a large number of stars. Stars form when clouds of gas and dust begin to cool down and blend. A sturdy black hole would hinder the cooling, keeping the materials in motion and preventing the process.
This supermassive black hole generates stars
A researcher compared the cooling process with a room in which air conditioning is on during summer, but there is a wood-fire in the middle. Until the fire ends, the room will remain hot. Further research with the help of the Chandra X-ray Observatory revealed that the cluster generated stars at a rate that is up to 500 times faster in comparison to that of the Milky Way. While the number is impressive, the speed will not remain constant forever.
The black hole has contributed for a time to the formation of the stars, but as it continues to grow, its influence will be stronger, and it will start to hinder the formation of stars, a phenomenon which is encountered in the case of all black holes.
The new information collected by the researchers is quite impressive, and it has already attracted the interest of the scientific community. A paper was published in a scientific journal.