According to the latest research that’s been published in the journal Nature Astronomy, a type of destructive event that’s most often associated with disaster movies and dinosaur extinction as well has something to do with the Moon’s crust.
It seems that it may have contributed to the formation of the Moon’s surface.
There’s a group of international scientists that’s led by the Royal Ontario Museum which discovered that the formation of ancient rocks on the Moon could be actually linked to some meteorite impacts of larger scales.
Experts conducted a brand new research of a unique rock that’s been collected by NASA astronauts during the 2972 Apollo 17 mission to the Moon.
Experts found that it contains mineralogical evidence that it has formed at really high temperatures – above 2,300 degrees Celsius or 4,300 degrees Fahrenheit.
Understanding the early history of Earth by studying Moon
Such high temperatures can be only achieved by the melting of the outer layer of a planet in a large impact event.
In the rock, experts discovered the former presence of cubic zirconia which is a mineral phase that’s used as a substitute for diamond in jewelry. This phase only forms in rocks that are heated to more than 2,300 degrees Celsius.
Anyway, Phys.org notes that the latest research is suggesting the fact that there were large impacts dating more than 4 billion years ago that could have driven the mixing in the lunar crustal rocks.
“Rocks on Earth are constantly being recycled, but the Moon doesn’t exhibit plate tectonics or volcanism, allowing older rocks to be preserved,” according to Dr. Lee White, Hatch Postdoctoral Fellow at the ROM.
White continued and explained that “By studying the Moon, we can better understand the earliest history of our planet. If large, super-heated impacts were creating rocks on the Moon, the same process was probably happening here on Earth”.