Human evolution is characterized by several human species living on the same surface and interbreeding at the same time. This process has eventually led to our formation… or at least that is the theory that anthropology presented. New research has been performed, and it is demonstrating that this common belief is an error.
Anthropology and archeology students were taught to follow the this evolutionary line of Homo sapiens, tracing their origins back in time through ancestral species and some other biases from biology. Nowadays, the scientists studying human evolution do not think that this is applicable anymore. They are stating that our origin is way more complicated than this narrative.
Today evidence that combats the theory has been released. Scientists are providing analysis that shows the existence of different other species that bear a resemblance to the human of today’s society.
The new study on human evolution
The research is militating for the importance of the exchange of fortuitous genetic material between these groups while finding the one species from which humans evolved is still challenging the researchers.
A skull that was initially assigned to the Homo rhodesiensis, and then to Homo heidelbergensis, was found in 1921 and reanalyzed during modern times by researchers. Homo heidelbergensis is a species that evolved 600.000 years ago and dating the skull’s origin has been a significant burden for the scientists. Additionally, the revealed dating coincides with the debut of humans, which happened 300.000 years ago in the Middle Stone Age.
However, some researchers contradict the relevance of the Broken Hill skull in this study. Katerina Harvati is a paleoanthropologist at the Eberhard Harls University of Tubingen. She is stating that the skull does not deliver any particular feature that could link it to the evolution of modern humans. In addition to this, she believes that the Homo rhodesiensis and heidelbergensis are likely to be a late survival stage of the Homo sapiens.