Russia plans to design the first-ever topographic 3D map of the Moon in order to help space agencies to determine on a site where cosmonauts could touch down in future flights to Earth‘s natural satellite.
The director of the Russian Space Research Institute, Anatoly Petrukovich, has announced the plan on Sunday, stating that the three-dimensional map will be designed using stereo imaging and will feature a resolution of up to two or three meters.
“After the work of the American satellites, we have planar maps of the Lunar surface, but here, using stereo processing and light analysis, we will get a universal altitudes map of the entire Moon with high accuracy,” the director said.
As per the statement, the map will enable Russian researchers to analyze the geological structures of the Moon, as well as their origins, and will provide significant details and navigation data for future manned and unmanned space flights to the lunar surface.
Luna-26 Orbiter is Scheduled to Launch in 2024
Petrukovich also said that the map would come with a handful of advantages in comparison to current flat’ maps, such as offering greater detail and accuracy on elevated heights. The first mission to the Moon, which aims to land a module on the natural satellite, is scheduled for October of 2024. The innovative survey will be possible because of the Luna-26 orbiter, which is also scheduled to take off to space in 2024.
Meanwhile, the rest of the world relies on Russia to transport almost everything to space, with the latest successful launch of 34 OneWeb satellites onboard the Soyuz-2.1 b launch rocket demonstrating it.
The launch was carried out from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on March 21st, under a contract between Roscosmos and Arianespace. Within 3.5 hours, the satellites were separated from the Fregat upper stage and placed into their orbits, as per the programmed schedule.