What triggers the unsteady brightness of distant stars? For decades, astrophysicists have tried to find an answer to this question. But things are about to change.
Recent research focused on explaining that phenomenon and more. The distant stars, also known as magnetars, occur after supernovae or stellar explosions. They have incredibly powerful magnetic fields, measured to be approximately 100 million.
The new research intends to bring more details about the magnetars and their features. Here is what you need to know.
New Development Emerges
A team of researchers supervised by Dr. Andrei Igoshev from the University of Leeds realized quite the discovery. First, they developed a mathematical model that simulated how the magnetic field disturbs the conventional understanding of heat being spread evenly. That results in cooler and hotter areas where there might be a difference in temperature of one million degrees Celsius.
The magnetic field on every magnetar produces extreme X-rays and heat. According to scientists, the magnetic field is so powerful that it alters the physical traits of matter, the way that heat is led through the crust of the star and over its surface, making some variations in brightness. Such a thing puzzled astrophysicists the most.
Back to those cooler and hotter areas, they send X-rays of various intensity. Using space-borne telescopes, the team spotted a variation in X-ray intensity as changing brightness.
Dr. Igoshev released a statement, explaining the features of those cold and hot areas and praised the team’s development and findings.
He said that the development: “[…] involved formulating mathematical equations that describe how the physics of magnetic fields and heat distribution would behave under the extreme conditions…”
Once the formula was out, the team needed a supercomputer to solve the equations. Such a thing resulted in a new and intriguing predictive model.
More details about such ambitious research will be released soon!
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