Professor Hendrik Hildebrandt has been the leading-researcher in the Bochum cosmologists’ team, conducting a study on the limitations of the Standard Model of Cosmology. A couple of years ago, Hildebrandt was part of a research consortium that has determined the discrepancies in the data between several groups.
The New Study on the Standard Model of Cosmology
This new research is putting even more accent on the infrared data and its inconsistencies. The latest update of the paper can be found in the Astronomy and Astrophysics journal, being published in January 2020.
The density and structure of the Universe can be determined by utilizing two research methods. One of them is represented by the analysis of the cosmic microwave background, while the other one is obtained with the help of the gravitational lensing effect.
The second method necessitates the study of high-mass objects that can deflect light, which makes the appearance of the galaxies to be distorted. To determine the total mass of the surface, the cosmologists need to determine the distance between the deflecting object, the source of the light and the observer.
The Standard Model of Cosmology Is Still Under Debate
Therefore, the final process is to take the image of the galaxy through a series of various wavelengths, such as blue, green, or red, and calculate the brightness level for all the ranges. To determine more accurate results, Professor Hildebrandt has added several images utilizing the infrared spectrum.
Thus, the data they provided was the only one to include infrared analysis, which could have been the reason for the discrepancies with the studies with which they compared their work.
At the moment, the scientists are still debating whether the Standard Model of Cosmology is outdated or not. The researchers are currently working on a new project that aims to provide more information regarding the discrepancy between data. The new paper could be released by the end of this spring.