By using the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA), a team of researchers found the first image picturing disturbed gaseous clouds. This is a revolutionary discovery that shows the depths of the evolution of galaxies in the Universe. The disruption was caused by powerful jets that occurred from massive black holes, reaching the center of the galaxy.
Black holes have extreme gravitational attraction, capturing all the surrounding matter. In some of the cases, the black hole can have jets, which are ionized matter that moves incredibly fast. In some of the cases, black hole jets can form suppressed stars with the help of gaseous clouds.
Consequently, in order to fully understand galaxies and their evolution, it is essential to research the connection between gaseous clouds and black hole jets.
The study explored how the jest of a supermassive black hole impact gaseous clouds
The research conducted by Takeo Minezaki at the University of Tokyo used ALMA to analyze an object called MG J0414+0534. Being situated at a very far distance, the light traveling between the object and Earth is causing severe magnification. The distortion eventually is a natural telescope, facilitating the display of details in the purpose. This is how researchers were able to determine the supermassive black hole situated in the heart of the host galaxy.
The ALMA telescope, in connection with the magnification, resulted in an extreme high-resolution that is 9.000 times better than the healthy eyesight. The team of researchers eventually created the image of the black hole, including the gaseous clouds and the jets, after a careful analysis of the gravitational effects in that area.
In their thesis, the team pointed out that jets and gaseous clouds have a violent motion of 600 km/s. This discovery is the core of an upcoming era of a jet evolution in the galaxy. The leading researcher, Kaiki Inoue, concludes that this project offers a better insight into the interaction between gaseous clouds and jets, even though it was performed at a very early stage.