The mysterious ‘blood falls’ in Antarctica have shocked those who discovered them more than a century ago. The peculiar flows of red water were left unexplained until now, as scientists believe they found the answer to the incredible event.
Antarctica is our planet’s southernmost continent, where the South Pole is located. The place is home to 1,000 researchers who live in insane conditions that sometimes touch -90 degrees Celsius, as they try to get an idea of how the Earth formed and developed.
The Blood Tinge Saw Solving
Back in the 1900s, Australian geologist, Griffin Taylor made a bizarre discovery in the frozen desert of Antarctica. He found a flow of red saltwater springing from the cape of a glacier onto the surface of the West Lake Bonney, which was covered in ice. The West Lake Bonney is located on the Eastern side of the continent.
The occurrence was first imputed on the red algae, but last year, scientists have finally solved the peculiar mystery.
Steve Martin, a historian living in the icy desert, detailed how the first finding is leading the research team on a path of additional discovery and explanation.
“Antarctica still has not yielded up all her secrets,” Martin said.
A team of scientists understood that the red flow was actually due to high iron content that turned the water into a bloody red nuance. Even so, Erin Pettit, one of the researchers who discovered the origins of the red tinge, confessed that it did not solve everything. The team did not found where the brine came from and how it made its way through the glacier.
If the saltwater started at the base of the glacier, it would have flowed at the base. But it actually spouted at the top of the glacier and flowed down over the edge, ultimately streaming into the lake.
To understand the way it formed, Dr. Pettit and her fellow colleagues trekked the glacier and took measurements with a radio-wave sensor. They discovered that the massive pressure of the ice compressed the water trapped in the ancient lake located underneath the surface, up through the glacier.
The scientists published their discoveries and confirmed the findings when a drilling team visited their facility this year.