The Last Wooly Mammoth Found Its End 4,000 Years Ago on an Arctic Island

The wooly mammoths were thoroughly enjoying their life on the entire northern hemisphere, according to researchers. They were fierce animals, and very resistant, succeeding to leave quite a history for themselves nowadays. The last Ice Age, however, ended as we may know, and once with it, global warming came almost 15,000 years ago. Such a happening resulted in phenomenons of shrunk ice and increased sea levels, which isolated populations. Some of the newly created mammoth groups found their tragic end, while others succeeded in surviving for another 10,000 years.

To figure out why did such survival happen, Finland, Russia, and Germany united and formed a team of scientists. The team identified, analyzed, and studied everything they considered to be the best clue from mammoth bones, teeth, and tusks. The fossils were brought from Canada, the Wrangel Island from the Arctic Ocean, Alaska, and Siberia. From finding and interpreting the variations of components that could show changes in habitat or diet to analyzing the environment that could’ve increased or reduced their lives.

Wooly Mammoths From the Wrangel Island Succeeded to Outlived Other Animals of the Species

As we learned above about the climate changes, we also find out how other animals from that period didn’t survive. Mammoths from Wrangel Island, on the other hand, succeeded in finding their way and continue their lives. They did that because of their way of avoiding the environmental circumstances that led to the extinction of others, according to a study from the Quaternary Science Reviews. The research also indicates that the possibility of living longer existed if the weather events didn’t occur.

Why they survived more? Wrangel mammoths were, compared to Siberian ones, using their energy less due to their not so harsh habitat conditions.

Wrangel Mammoths Reasons for Extinction

According to the research from the Universities of Helsinki and Tubingen in a partnership with Russia, too, the Wrangel mammoths’ bones were full of sulfur. Such a component shows the toxicity level of minerals in animals’ water. Moreover, the thick layer of ice let the animals starve being very hard for them to foraging.

There might be a possibility that humans represented a reason for the Wrangel mammoths, but is less likely because the first people appeared later. From such events and discoveries, scientists could probably save existing species from a similar destiny.

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