A team of researchers from the Chalmers University of Technology utilized quantum mechanical measurements and have showcased that azotosomes, could not be created under any conditions. Titan, Saturn’s moon, doesn’t have water yet oceans of ethane and methane, and the ground temperature is close – 180 degrees Celsius.
Liquid structures, similar to those on our planet, couldn’t develop under such aspects. This fact made researchers looking for any hints of life on Titan to examine electives sorts of cell membranes that could survive those limits.
An example of one elective formation, suggested by a team from the Cornell University, is known as “azotosome.”
The possibility of such a structure has chosen in the field of astrobiology, and it has been proved that it would survive Titan’s conditions. The azotosome was submitted to be produced from the organic mixture acrylonitrile. Previously, it was confirmed on Titan.
Titan Might House Life, Despite Its Rough Conditions
The team of researchers used advanced quantum mechanical calculations. Then, they compared the molecular crystal shape of acrylonitrile with the suggested azotosome structure included in methane. What they discovered was quite intriguing. Results indicated that every building structure attached to the azotosome increased its vitality ultimately.
It also resulted in its development progressively less probable thermodynamically. Researchers ended up finally discovering that while azotosomes could survive on Titan, they would not self-gather under those rough conditions. The acrylonitrile would instead turn into molecular ice.
“The suggestion of azotosomes was an exciting proposal for an alternative to cell membranes as we understand them,” stated Martin Rahm, an Assistant Professor from the Chalmers University of Technology.
The study represents an essential step forward in proving the capability of computational astrobiology. It also provides the opportunity to examine, before sampling or experiments, whether or not a specific process of formation might be a biosignature.