A new study conducted by UK’s EPIC-Oxford, published in the British Medical Journal, concluded that a vegan diet boosts the risks of stroke. While vegans, vegetarians, and fish eaters have reduced chances of developing heart diseases, they are more prone to strokes.
The Vegan Diet Increases Risks Of Stroke
The researchers have surveyed about 50,000 subjects who included a high percent of non-meat eaters. The participants in the study were recruited between 1993 and 2001. The subjects were split into three groups, namely, meat eaters, fish eaters, and vegans, the latter also including vegetarians.
Among all the participants, the researchers found more than 2,800 cases of coronary heart disease (CHD), mostly between the meat-eaters, and about 1,070 cases of stroke, mostly between vegans and vegetarians.
Besides, the fist eaters presented reduced risks of CHD in comparison to those who eat meat, while vegans and vegetarians showed 22 percent lower chances to develop CHD. On the other hand, the researchers found out that a vegan diet increases risks of stroke by 20%.
Here’s why vegans present higher risks of stroke
The vegan diet is based on eating plants and fruits, mostly. The lack of meat in the daily menu of vegans vegetarians is causing lower amounts of healthy fat and protein consumption. Meat boosts the amount of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in the body.
The vegetarian or vegan diet, on the other hand, causes vegans and vegetarians to have significantly lower volumes of the before mentioned cholesterol. That precise fact is the one involved in higher risks of stroke in people who follow a vegan diet.
According to the EPIC-Oxford researchers, more studies are required to confirm the same results in other populations. Also, further research would have to focus on the ‘mediators’ that connect the vegan diet to higher risks of stroke and other health problems that it might trigger.