The common symptoms of the novel coronavirus, officially named COVID-19, include fever, cough, as well as shortness of breath. These manifestations show up about two to 14 days after exposure to the pathogen.
However, people do not know much about how the virus has created chaos on various other organs of the body in those infected. As the number of confirmed cases is increasing in certain parts of the world, people are struggling to know more about COVID-19, and how it impacts different organs.
Symptoms of the Novel Coronavirus
In a recent research led by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, infected people were split into three groups by the level of their symptoms: mild, severe, or critical. Most cases, 81 percent, showed mild symptoms, but 4.7 percent were critical. Elderly people suffering from medical conditions are the most vulnerable to the novel pathogen, and men have a higher risk of death than women if they get infected with COVID-19.
Here are some findings that researchers and health experts have reported about the clinical attributes of the infections.
In a paper published in the journal Lancet, people infected with the COVID-19 exhibited fever, cough, shortness of breath, muscle ache, confusion, headache, sore throat, rhinorrhea, chest pain, diarrhea, as well as nausea and vomiting.
Critical scales of the infection report Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), Arrhythmia, shock, and multiple organ failure, such as severe cardiac and kidney injury among cases.
The Virus Affects Lungs the Most
The same research also unveiled the fact that most patients – 75 percent – showed bilateral pneumonia, a type of pneumonia that impacts both lungs. About 14 percent of the infected people showed multiple marbling and ground-glass opacity, while one patient has a pneumothorax.
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)
A percent of 17 patients in the research have shown ARDS or simply explained as a widespread inflammation of the lungs. The symptoms include shortness of breath, rapid breathing, as well as bluish skin color. However, ARDS is not only linked to the novel coronavirus; infection, trauma, as well as sepsis, can also cause it.
A recent study of COVID-19 patients found that overall, infected people experience difficulty breathing on the fifth day after they are exposed to the virus, while ARDS appears eight days after the patient started to show coronavirus symptoms.
Stomach and Intestine Issues
Common symptoms of people contaminated with the virus show nausea and diarrhea. A patient who was studied as the first COVID-19 case confirmed in the U.S. had his stool sample tested, which was positive for coronavirus. However, scientists are not sure whether there is a possibility of spreading the pathogen through the fecal transmission.
Heart and Blood Vessels
One of the common complaints of people infected with COVID-19 is chest pain or Arrhythmia. Also, acute cardiac injury has also been reported in numerous cases of coronavirus patients admitted in Wuhan, China. Even so, there is still no indication that the pathogen affects the heart directly.
Severe kidney injury has been reported in critical and advanced cases of the infection. Dr. James Cherry, a research professor of pediatrics in the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, said that the ‘kidney damage might have been due to other changes during the infection.’
Pneumonia has less oxygen flowing in the organs, and may trigger damage in the kidneys, Cherry explained. The World Health Organization (WHO) suggested that there is almost no evidence to support that COVID-19 affects kidneys directly.